The Role of National Public Health Institutes

Dr Ebere Okereke, Consultant in Global Public Health at Public Health England (PHE)

Consolidating and organising public health expertise and systems within a national public health institute (NPHI) is a proven way for countries to carry out essential public health functions and improve accountability and efficiency. NPHIs aim to:

• Prevent, detect and respond to public health threats more quickly and effectively;

• Comply with the International Health Regulations (2005) by rapidly recognising, reporting and containing the spread of infectious diseases;

• Increase technical sustainability by fostering leaders capable of designing, monitoring, supervising, and evaluating programs to reduce health threats;

• Clarify and formalise responsibility and accountability for public health surveillance and response; and

• Improve financial sustainability through streamlined institutions with greater ability to compete successfully for resources. An NPHI is an integral part of a resilient health system, and offers a sustainable solution for building public health capacity, global health security, and increasing.

Public Health England is the NPHI for the United Kingdom and is one of the largest NPHIs worldwide, employing over five thousand staff from various professional backgrounds. This presentation will provide an overview of the role of NPHIs, the different modules for the development of NPHIs, focusing on the UK experience and make recommendations for strengthening Nigeria’s NPHI.